Construction- types of buildings and their classification

In this article, we will give you a brief introduction on buildings, how they are classified depending on their occupancy and their type.

  • Agricultural buildings
  • Commercial buildings
  • Residential buildings
  • Educational buildings
  • Government buildings
  • Industrial buildings
  • Military buildings
  • Religious buildings
  • Transport buildings
  • Power plants

 

  • Agricultural:

These buildings are specifically designed for farmers and for agricultural practices, for growing and harvesting crops, and to raise farm animals. (I.e. Barns, sheds and farm houses)

 

  • Commercial buildings:

Structures which can only be used for commercial purposes, such as banks, automobile companies, supermarkets, shops and gas stations)

 

  • Residential buildings:

These buildings are the complete opposite of commercial buildings, they can only be used for housing purposes. They can be apartments, villas or nursing homes.

 

  • Educational building:

These structures include any building in which education, training and care are provided to any age group (whether adults or children). Schools, libraries, museums and universities are examples of this.

 

  • Government buildings:

As their name suggests, these buildings are occupied by the government, like fire stations, prisons, police precincts, and office buildings.

 

  • Industrial buildings:

These structures were built for the purposes of producing something, whether its energy-related (windmills and tide mills) or producing related such as factories.

 

  • Military buildings:

These buildings were designed for the military, which means they have restricted access and designed strategically for maximum security and efficiency. Example of these are forts, bunkers, barracks and castles.

 

  • Religious buildings:

These are buildings that are built for one purpose and one purpose only, and it is to practice a certain religion. Churches, mosques and shrines are examples of this type of building.

 

  • Transport buildings:

These were built with the intention of making traveling easier and organized, they are gateways for passengers to travel on land, water or in the air. We are talking about airports, train stations, bus stations and even lighthouses fall under this category.

 

 

  • Power plants:

These buildings were built to easily generate huge amounts of power. Renewable energy power station ( that use solar power and wind ), Fossil fuel power plants, Nuclear power plants fall under this category.

 

 

 

Buildings can be split up into five categories, (type one through five), each type was designed for a specific purpose.

 

Type 1: fire-resistive

Type 1 buildings are the firmest of all other structure types when exposed to fire, they are also high-rises, and surpass the 75 feet tall mark.

They are built out of protected steel (fire resistant steel) and constructed concrete.

They are designed, as their name suggests, to endure fires and to keep the fire under control in the room.
You can easily distinguish a type I building solely based on their height.

 

Type 2: Non-Combustible

The walls and roofs for these structures are built of non-combustible materials. They are typically found in new buildings and remodels of commercial structures.
Roofs have metal structural members and decking most of the time and walls are reinforced masonry or tilt slab, while

Type 3: Ordinary

These structures have non-combustible walls and a wood roof. These buildings can be of either new or old constructions. The Older ones may consist of unreinforced masonry and have a conventionally framed roof,

On the other hand, while newer buildings will have lightweight roof systems supported by reinforced masonry or tilt slab.
To identify if a building is of an older style, you should look for clues like collar ties, king’s rows and arched lintels.

 

Type 4: Heavy Timber

This type is found in older buildings and uses huge amounts of lumber for the structure and interior elements. These buildings hold up well under fire conditions, but it’s critical.

You can easily identify these buildings by the large lumber used for walls and the long distance of roof spans. These buildings were most commonly built before the 1960s, when bolts and metal plates were used as connectors and not for walls and roofs.

 

Type 5: Wood-Framed
this type of construction can be found in many modern homes. Most commonly wood is the material of choice for roofs and walls. If the walls are wood-framed, the roof usually is as well. Rooftops are ceramic tile or asphalt.

 

 

Conclusion:

Hopefully, through this article, you learned something new about buildings, their purposes and how they are built.

.